Today, the planet is not what it was two hundred years ago, or even a hundred. The increase in industrial activity and the increasing level of traffic in cities generate the greenhouse effect: a phenomenon involving global warming from the impact of the constant emission of gases in our atmosphere. This causes climate change, a growing problem that, although we are still not perceived, can jeopardize all humanity. To prevent this from happening, many international organizations put cards on the table according to search a number of regulatory standards that ultimately possible to preserve the health of the planet.
What is climate change and how is it generated?
As we mentioned, the process of industrialization, which occurred worldwide, is caused the famous greenhouse effect. Among other things, the emission of CO2, a gas that is released from burning oil, is affecting the natural balance of our delicate atmosphere.
According to some authors, it is expected that by 2020 climate worldwide increase, at least one degree centigrade. Perhaps, this figure does not seem like too. However, it is sufficient to modify the fragile ecosystems (already damaged by deforestation, pollution and illegal hunting, etc.). In addition, the temperature rise can generate powerful weather changes and the melting icecaps, causing the water level continues to rise, and flood some coastal areas.
What is the Kyoto agreement?
The agreement, or rather, the Kyoto protocol is a series of measures contained in the Framework Convention of the United Nations Climate Change. It is a multinational agreement that aims to lower the level of the emission of gases that produce the greenhouse effect.
In 1997, several industrialized countries committed in the city of Kyoto to regulate and reduce emissions of such gases. However, it was not just until 2004 that this protocol entered into force.
The protocol takes into account also the promotion of sustainable energy sources, and search for other more friendly production environment. On the other hand, it also promotes a common fund to address these problems and lessen the impact of climate change in developing countries.
While it is currently in force on the second commitment period of the protocol, nations continue to seek new alternatives and agreements that allow recudir climate change. In this sense, the voluntary markets, as well as bilateral agreements, among others, remain largely unexplored. In this sense, Ecosimple has participated in the management of bilateral agreements in Colombia and Costa Rica, supporting the work of Japanese companies contracted by the Ministry of Environment of Japan to promote such agreements.